Detailed SUMMARY of “Economic Emergency,” Aizaz Ahmad Chaudhry, Dawn, October 1st, 2023:

6 min readOct 1


The current economic conditions in Pakistan have led to extreme hardship for the majority of its citizens. Soaring power tariffs and high fuel costs have significantly increased the cost of living, pushing basic necessities beyond the reach of the public. The nation is deeply indebted due to persistent deficit spending, mortgaging the future of generations to come. However, there is a stark contrast between the financial struggles of the general populace and the apparent business-as-usual approach of the government’s top echelons, who continue to embark on foreign trips despite the expenses involved. The writer calls for government-led austerity measures, particularly in the face of economic pressures on the public. The chief justice’s voluntary renunciation of protocol and privileges serves as an example to follow. The government should suspend official foreign trips, utilize online mediums for representation abroad, eliminate free utilities and perks, and consider privatizing or transparently closing down loss-making state-owned enterprises. Industrialization is key to creating more jobs and reducing poverty, but it faces challenges such as regulatory hurdles and corruption. The writer emphasizes the need to encourage industrial and technological growth, similar to China and the United States. Special Economic Zones should be a top priority, and efforts should focus on reducing red tape and corruption to attract foreign and domestic investors. Addressing circular debt, renegotiating agreements with Independent Power Producers (IPPs), and promoting policies favoring domestic investments in industry are also critical. In conclusion, the writer calls for austerity, transparent privatization of dysfunctional enterprises, IPP agreement renegotiation, and policies that incentivize industrial investment.

Easy/Short SUMMARY:

Pakistan is grappling with severe economic difficulties, including high power and fuel costs, making basic necessities unaffordable for most citizens. While the public suffers, government officials continue foreign trips. The writer urges the government to lead austerity efforts, suspend official foreign travel, eliminate free perks, and privatize or close unprofitable state-owned enterprises. Industrialization is crucial for job creation, but red tape and corruption deter investors. Special Economic Zones and reduced bureaucracy are needed. Addressing circular debt and renegotiating IPP agreements are also vital. Pakistan must learn to be self-reliant, embrace austerity, and promote domestic industrial investment.

SOLUTIONS of The Problem:

Austerity Measures:

  • Government-Led Austerity: The government, even in its interim capacity, should lead by example and implement austerity measures, including cutting unnecessary expenses such as foreign trips.
  • End Free Perks: Discontinue free electricity, petrol, and designated cars for officials, encouraging the use of car pools.
  • Transparent Privatization: Privatize or close loss-making state-owned enterprises transparently and judiciously.
  • Public-Private Partnerships: Explore public-private partnerships as a means to manage state assets and encourage efficiency.

Industrialization and Investment:

  • Encourage Industrial Growth: Foster a supportive environment for industrial and technological growth, creating job opportunities and reducing poverty.
  • Special Economic Zones: Prioritize the establishment of Special Economic Zones to attract domestic and foreign investment.
  • Reducing Red Tape and Corruption: Address bureaucratic hurdles and corruption to attract more investors to Pakistan.
  • Special Investment Facilitation Council: Support initiatives like the Special Investment Facilitation Council to cut red tape and promote investment potential in various sectors.

Financial Reforms:

  • Renegotiate IPP Agreements: Revisit and renegotiate agreements with Independent Power Producers to ensure they are fair and serve the interests of the people.
  • Fiscal Responsibility: Uphold fiscal responsibility and manage resources efficiently, reducing the risk of insolvency.

IMPORTANT Facts and Figures Given in the article:

  • High power tariffs and fuel costs have created economic hardship for Pakistanis.
  • Government officials continue foreign trips despite economic challenges.
  • Loss-making state-owned enterprises burden the nation.
  • Industrialization is hindered by regulatory hurdles and corruption.
  • Special Economic Zones are seen as a priority.
  • Circular debt poses a significant financial challenge.

IMPORTANT Facts and Figures out of the article:

  • The economic crisis in Pakistan has resulted in significant financial hardships for its citizens.
  • Government officials’ foreign trips have faced criticism for their costs.
  • The state-owned enterprises are a financial burden on the nation.
  • The promotion of industrial growth is crucial for job creation and poverty reduction.
  • Circular debt is a substantial issue that needs attention.

MCQs from the Article:

  1. What major economic challenges are Pakistanis currently facing? A. Low fuel prices and affordable necessities B. High power tariffs and expensive fuel C. Abundant job opportunities and economic stability D. Government-led austerity measures Answer: B. High power tariffs and expensive fuel
  2. What does the writer suggest about official foreign trips in times of economic hardship? A. They should be increased to foster foreign relations. B. They should continue as they are necessary. C. They should be suspended as part of austerity measures. D. They should be encouraged to boost international trade. Answer: C. They should be suspended as part of austerity measures
  3. What does the writer emphasize regarding state-owned enterprises (SOEs)? A. They should be expanded and subsidized. B. They should be privatized transparently. C. They should receive more government funding. D. They should remain operational regardless of losses. Answer: B. They should be privatized transparently
  4. What is the key factor in creating more jobs and reducing poverty, according to the article? A. Encouraging industrial and technological growth B. Increasing government regulations C. Expanding the public sector D. Attracting foreign investors Answer: A. Encouraging industrial and technological growth


  1. Unleashed (verb) (آزاد کرنا): To release or cause to be released, often in a sudden or intense manner.
  2. Soaring (adjective) (اونچا): Rising quickly and dramatically.
  3. Echelons (noun) (ترتیب): Levels or ranks in an organization or hierarchy.
  4. Business as usual (phrase) (روز کا کام): A situation or approach in which things continue to function or proceed in a normal or routine manner despite external challenges or difficulties.
  5. Protocol (noun) (پروٹوکول): The official procedure or system of rules governing affairs of state or diplomatic occasions.
  6. Privileges (noun) (امتیازات): Special rights or advantages granted to a particular person, group, or class.
  7. Pomp and show (phrase) (شان و شوکت): A display of grandeur, elegance, or ostentation, often involving elaborate ceremonies or presentations.
  8. Acute (adjective) (شدید): Extremely serious or severe; requiring immediate attention or action.
  9. Functional (adjective) (مؤثر): Designed or intended to be practical and useful; in working order.
  10. Requisitioned (verb) (م

طالبہ کرنا): Officially requested or demanded, often for a specific purpose.

  1. Bureaucracy (noun) (بیوروکریسی): A system of government or management in which decisions are made by state officials or administrators rather than by elected representatives.
  2. Regulators (noun) (قائناتی): Individuals or bodies responsible for controlling, supervising, or overseeing certain activities or industries.
  3. Hound (verb) (پیچھا کرنا): To pursue relentlessly or harass persistently.
  4. Exploiting (verb) (استحصال کرنا): Making full use of and deriving benefit from a situation or resource, typically in an unfair or unethical way.
  5. Insolvency (noun) (غیر مقروضیت): The state of being unable to pay one’s debts or meet financial obligations.
  6. Bureaucratic Hurdles (phrase) (بیوروکریٹک رکاوٹیں): Obstacles and complexities created by government or administrative processes.
  7. Embrace (verb) (گرم جوابی دینا): To accept or support willingly or enthusiastically.
  8. Untie (verb) (کھولنا): To undo or resolve a complex or difficult situation.
  9. Governance (noun) (حکومت): The action or manner of governing a state, organization, or people.
  10. Incentivize (verb) (مواصلت کی ترغیب دینا): To provide incentives or motivations to encourage certain behaviors or actions.

📢 Attention Readers! 🔥 Get Concise Editorial Summaries, Solutions, and Vocabulary Meanings! 🔥 🔵 Prepared by the Expert Team at! 🔵 👉 Looking for a hassle-free way to stay informed about current affairs and editorial insights? We’ve got you covered! 💡 ✨ Introducing “Dawn Important Editorials“! ✨ 📚 Join our WhatsApp group for quick and comprehensive summaries of the latest editorials, along with well-crafted solutions and helpful vocabulary meanings. 📚 🔍 Why Choose Us? 🔍 👉 Our team at uses their efforts to bring you accurate and efficient summaries. 👉 Stay updated with the most important points from the editorials, saving you time and effort. 👉 Benefit from our expertly crafted solutions that offer insightful perspectives and creative ideas. 👉 Expand your vocabulary with our thorough explanations and translations. 👉 All this is at your fingertips, available in one convenient WhatsApp group! 🌟 Don’t Miss Out! 🌟 To receive the summaries, solutions, and vocabulary meanings directly on WhatsApp, click the link below and join “Dawn Important Editorials” now: 🔗 [] 🔗 📝 Register on our website [] for more exclusive benefits and resources. 📢 Stay informed, be prepared, and excel in your knowledge-building journey with! 📢 🔔 Join our WhatsApp group and seize the opportunity for valuable insights! 🔔 Looking forward to having you as part of our vibrant community! Best regards,



CSS MCQs — The biggest CSSMCQs site in Pakistan!, is a blog where we put, collect, organise MCQs and arrange different quizzes in various categories.