Detailed SUMMARY of “Excluding Party Leaders,” Ahmed Bilal Mehboob, Dawn, October 1st, 2023

CSS MCQs
4 min readOct 1, 2023

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The recent statement by Pakistan’s caretaker prime minister suggesting that free and fair elections could proceed even if former Prime Minister Imran Khan and some of his party members were incarcerated has sparked controversy. While the prime minister later claimed his words were taken out of context, the reaction to his statement highlights Pakistan’s historical pattern of excluding popular political leaders and parties from the electoral process. This practice dates back to the 1970 election when Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was prevented from forming a government despite winning an outright majority. Subsequent elections were marred by rigging, military takeovers, and the exclusion of popular leaders like Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. The article emphasizes the recurrent nature of these events and their impact on political parties and leaders.

Easy/Short SUMMARY:

The caretaker prime minister’s recent statement suggesting elections could proceed even if Imran Khan and his party members were in jail has stirred controversy. Pakistan has a history of excluding popular political leaders and parties from elections. For example, Sheikh Mujibur Rehman was not allowed to form a government despite winning a majority in 1970. This pattern continued with rigged elections, military takeovers, and the exclusion of leaders like Benazir Bhutto and Nawaz Sharif. The article highlights the repetitive nature of these events.

SOLUTIONS of The Problem:

Ensuring Fair Elections:

  • Independent Election Commission: Strengthen the independence and integrity of the Election Commission to oversee and conduct free and fair elections without external interference.
  • Electoral Reforms: Implement electoral reforms to address rigging and irregularities in the electoral process.
  • Transparent Delimitation: Ensure a transparent and fair delimitation process to prevent gerrymandering and manipulation of electoral boundaries.

Political Accountability:

  • Judicial Independence: Safeguard judicial independence to prevent the misuse of the legal system for political purposes.
  • Political Dialogue: Encourage political dialogue and reconciliation to resolve disputes without resorting to exclusion or imprisonment.

IMPORTANT Facts and Figures Given in the article:

  • Pakistan has a history of excluding popular political leaders and parties from the electoral process.
  • Several leaders, including Sheikh Mujibur Rehman, Benazir Bhutto, and Nawaz Sharif, faced imprisonment and exclusion from elections.
  • Rigged elections, military takeovers, and fragmentation of political parties have been recurring themes in Pakistan’s political history.

IMPORTANT Facts and Figures out of the article:

  • The article emphasizes the recurring pattern of excluding popular leaders from elections in Pakistan.
  • It highlights the impact of this pattern on political parties and leaders over the years.

MCQs from the Article:

  1. What recent statement by Pakistan’s caretaker prime minister sparked controversy? A. Election rigging B. Free and fair elections C. Imprisonment of party leaders D. Electoral reforms Answer: C. Imprisonment of party leaders
  2. Which historical event in Pakistan’s electoral history involved the exclusion of Sheikh Mujibur Rehman from forming a government despite winning an outright majority? A. 1970 election B. 1993 election C. 2008 election D. 2013 election Answer: A. 1970 election
  3. What is one proposed solution to address the exclusion of popular leaders from elections in Pakistan? A. Military takeovers B. Transparent delimitation C. Electoral rigging D. Fragmentation of political parties Answer: B. Transparent delimitation
  4. What recurring theme in Pakistan’s political history does the article emphasize? A. Economic development B. Judicial independence C. Exclusion of popular leaders from elections D. Political reconciliation Answer: C. Exclusion of popular leaders from elections

VOCABULARY:

  1. Caretaker (noun) (دیکھ بھال کرنے والا): A person who takes care of a place or thing during the temporary absence of the usual owner or occupant.
  2. Controversy (noun) (تنازع): A disagreement or argument, typically a public one.
  3. Rigging (noun) (جعلی بنانے کا عمل): The action of manipulating something in a dishonest way to produce a desired result.
  4. Interference (noun) (مداخلت): The action of interfering or the process of being interfered with.
  5. Gerrymandering (noun) (گیریمینڈرنگ): Manipulating the boundaries of an electoral constituency to favor one party or class.
  6. Misuse (noun) (غلط استعمال): Incorrect or inappropriate use.
  7. Reconciliation (noun) (مصالحت): The restoration of friendly relations.
  8. Pattern (noun) (پیشہ): A regular and intelligible form or sequence discernible in certain actions or situations.
  9. Exclusion (noun) (خارجی): The process or state of excluding or being excluded.
  10. Imprisonment (noun) (زندان میں قید): The state of being confined in a prison; incarceration.
  11. Fragmentation (noun) (تقسیم): The process or state of breaking or being broken into small or separate parts.
  12. Safeguard (verb) (محافظت کرنا): Protect from harm or damage with an appropriate measure.
  13. Independence (noun) (آزادی): The state or quality of being independent; freedom from external control or support.
  14. Recurrence (noun) (واپسی): The fact or state of happening again.
  15. Mismanagement (noun) (نادرست انتظام): The act or process of handling something inefficiently or incompetently.
  16. Reforms (noun) (اصلاحات): The action or process of making changes to something in order to improve it.
  17. Rhetoric (noun) (فن بیان): The art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the use of figures of speech and other compositional techniques.
  18. Perpetual (adjective) (مستقل): Never ending or changing; occurring repeatedly.
  19. Uniformity (noun) (یکسانیت): The quality or state of being uniform.
  20. Legacy (noun) (وراثت): Something handed down from one generation to the next, especially a tradition or cultural practice.

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